Multiple Intelligence Analysis

Multiple Intelligence Analysis

The concept of multiple intelligences was introduced in 1983 by Howard Gardner in his bestseller book – Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. This was later modified through additional research. Intelligence refers to the human ability to solve problems or to make something that is valued in one or more cultures. The standard view of intelligence is that intelligence is something you are born with; you have only a certain amount of it; you cannot do much about how much of that intelligence you have; and tests exist that can tell you how smart you are. The theory of multiple intelligences challenges that point of view and encourages you to look at ‘Intelligence’ from a different perspective. It asks, instead, “Given what we know about the brain, evolution, and the differences in cultures, what are the sets of human abilities we all share?” Gardner’s analysis suggested that rather than one or two intelligences, all human beings have several and different types of intelligences. What makes life interesting, however, is that not everyone has the same strength in each intelligence area, and neither do we have the same amalgamation of intelligences. Just as all of us look different from one another and have different kinds of personalities, each one of us also has a very unique mind. Gardner suggests that our educational system has emphasized only upon the linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligences. As we learn more about the mind and how it learns, we should consider earning activities that draw on a wider variety of intelligences and give students a better chance to develop their strengths. This will only allow them to apply their mind to a greater range of problems and challenges, and be successful at it.

Visual-Spatial Intelligence

Strengths: Visual and spatial judgment

People who are strong in visual-spatial intelligence are good at visualizing things. These individuals are often good with directions as well as maps, charts, videos, and pictures.

Characteristics

Characteristics of visual-spatial intelligence include:

  • Enjoys reading and writing
  • Good at putting puzzles together
  • Good at interpreting pictures, graphs, and charts
  • Enjoys drawing, painting, and the visual arts
  • Recognizes patterns easily

Potential Career Choices

If you’re strong in visual-spatial intelligence, good career choices for you are: 

  • Architect
  • Artist
  • Engineer

Linguistic-Verbal Intelligence

Strengths: Words, language, and writing

People who are strong in linguistic-verbal intelligence are able to use words well, both when writing and speaking. These individuals are typically very good at writing stories, memorizing information, and reading.

Characteristics

Characteristics of linguistic-verbal intelligence include:

  • Good at remembering written and spoken information
  • Enjoys reading and writing
  • Good at debating or giving persuasive speeches
  • Able to explain things well
  • Often uses humor when telling stories

Potential Career Choices

If you’re strong in linguistic-verbal intelligence, good career choices for you are:

  • Writer/journalist
  • Lawyer
  • Teacher

Logical-Mathematical Intelligence

Strengths: Analyzing problems and mathematical operations

People who are strong in logical-mathematical intelligence are good at reasoning, recognizing patterns, and logically analyzing problems. These individuals tend to think conceptually about numbers, relationships, and patterns.

Characteristics 

Characteristics of logical-mathematical intelligence include:

  • Excellent problem-solving skills
  • Enjoys thinking about abstract ideas
  • Likes conducting scientific experiments
  • Good at solving complex computations

Potential Career Choices

If you’re strong in logical-mathematical intelligence, good career choices for you are:

  • Scientist
  • Mathematician
  • Computer programmer
  • Engineer
  • Accountant

Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence

Strengths: Physical movement, motor control

Those who have high bodily-kinesthetic intelligence are said to be good at body movement, performing actions, and physical control. People who are strong in this area tend to have excellent hand-eye coordination and dexterity.

Characteristics

Characteristics of bodily-kinesthetic intelligence include:

  • Good at dancing and sports
  • Enjoys creating things with his or her hands
  • Excellent physical coordination
  • Tends to remember by doing, rather than hearing or seeing

Potential Career Choices

If you’re strong in bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, good career choices for you are:

  • Dancer
  • Builder
  • Sculptor
  • Actor
  • Athlete

Musical Intelligence

Strengths: Rhythm and music

People who have strong musical intelligence are good at thinking in patterns, rhythms, and sounds. They have a strong appreciation for music and are often good at musical composition and performance.

Characteristics

Characteristics of musical intelligence include:

  • Enjoys singing and playing musical instruments
  • Recognizes musical patterns and tones easily
  • Good at remembering songs and melodies
  • Rich understanding of musical structure, rhythm, and notes

Potential Career Choices

If you’re strong in musical intelligence, good career choices for you are:

  • Musician
  • Composer
  • Singer
  • Music teacher
  • Conductor

Interpersonal Intelligence

Strengths: Understanding and relating to other people

Those who have strong interpersonal intelligence are good at understanding and interacting with other people. These individuals are skilled at assessing the emotions, motivations, desires, and intentions of those around them.

Characteristics

Characteristics of interpersonal intelligence include:

  • Good at communicating verbally
  • Skilled at nonverbal communication
  • Sees situations from different perspectives
  • Creates positive relationships with others
  • Good at resolving conflict in groups

Potential Career Choices

If you’re strong in interpersonal intelligence, good career choices for you are:

  • Psychologist
  • Philosopher
  • Counselor
  • Salesperson
  • Politician

Intrapersonal Intelligence

Strengths: Introspection and self-reflection

Individuals who are strong in intrapersonal intelligence are good at being aware of their own emotional states, feelings, and motivations. They tend to enjoy self-reflection and analysis, including daydreaming, exploring relationships with others, and assessing their personal strengths.5

Characteristics

Characteristics of intrapersonal intelligence include:

  • Good at analyzing his or her strengths and weaknesses
  • Enjoys analyzing theories and ideas
  • Excellent self-awareness
  • Clearly understands the basis for his or her own motivations and feelings

Potential Career Choices

If you’re strong in intrapersonal intelligence, good career choices for you are:

  • Philosopher
  • Writer
  • Theorist
  • Scientist

Naturalistic Intelligence

Strengths: Finding patterns and relationships to nature

Naturalistic is the most recent addition to Gardner’s theory and has been met with more resistance than his original seven intelligences. According to Gardner, individuals who are high in this type of intelligence are more in tune with nature and are often interested in nurturing, exploring the environment, and learning about other species. These individuals are said to be highly aware of even subtle changes to their environments.

Characteristics

Characteristics of naturalistic intelligence include:

  • Interested in subjects such as botany, biology, and zoology
  • Good at categorizing and cataloging information easily
  • May enjoy camping, gardening, hiking, and exploring the outdoors
  • Doesn’t enjoy learning unfamiliar topics that have no connection to nature

Potential Career Choices

If you’re strong in naturalistic intelligence, good career choices for you are:

  • Biologist
  • Conservationist
  • Gardener
  • Farmer

Gardener is conducting further research in his list of intelligences. The most recent addition to this was Spiritual Intelligence. Spiritual intelligence is an ability to access higher meanings, values, abiding purposes, and unconscious aspects of the self and to embed these meanings, values, and purposes in living richer and more creative lives. Signs of high SQ include an ability to think out of the box, humility, and an access to energies that come from something beyond the ego, beyond just me and my day-to-day concerns.

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